By Howard M. Sachar
Monumental in scope and intensity, this vibrantly specific chronicle sweeps from New Amsterdam of 1654, the place Brazilian Jewish refugees tested a beachhead sooner or later ny, to the Eighties crusade to resettle Soviet Jews within the usa. within the such a lot accomplished and revealing account up to now of the saga of yankee Jewry, George Washington college historian Sachar explores how Jews confronted the problem of retaining their old staff identification inside of a widening matrix of Americanization. He charts the contributions of Jews from the innovative battle to the California Gold Rush of 1849 to exertions activism and Tin Pan Alley. He additionally profiles ratings of influential Jews starting from Samuel Gompers to Alfred Heinz (Henry) Kissinger. Sachar ( A heritage of Israel ) comprises really incisive sections on American Jews' heated divisions over Zionism, the efforts to rescue Europe's Jews from Nazism, black-Jewish family and the Jews' impression on American tradition. This soaking up narrative unfolds a fantastic epic of immigration, reputation, acculturation and reaffirmed identification within the face of institutionalized discrimination.
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Extra resources for A History of the Jews in America
Georgia adopted a poll tax in 1871 and made it cumulative in 1877. In 1882, South Carolina enacted a draconian registration law and an infamous “eight-box” law, which operated as a literacy test by requiring voters to deposit ballots in the correct boxes. Many states adopted secret-ballot laws and complex registration requirements in 1889 and 1890, and Mississippi held a disfranchising convention in 1890. South Carolina followed suit in 1895, but most disfranchising conventions and amendments came later: 1898 in Louisiana, 1900 in North Carolina, 1901 in Alabama, and 1901–1902 in Virginia.
Second, one might challenge voter qualiﬁcations based on the discriminatory motive that animated them, which the law today would consider dispositive. Third, the procedure for administering literacy tests might be unconstitutional. Determining the “good character” of prospective voters and the adequacy of their “understanding” conferred vast discretion on registrars. That discretion invited discrimination and, it could be argued, therefore violated the Constitution. Fourth, one might challenge actual (as opposed to merely potential) discrimination in the administration of voter qualiﬁcations.
Moreover, in the mid-1890s, Republicans proved competitive for the ﬁrst time in border states such as Kentucky and Maryland. The party now seemed able to maintain national control without southern electoral support, thus removing an important incentive to defend black suffrage in the South. 21 For these reasons, Republican racial policy changed. In 1896, the Nation observed a “striking” shift from four years earlier, in “the entire absence of any allusion” to black political rights in Republican state conventions.
A History of the Jews in America by Howard M. Sachar