By Emma Short
Latin is one in all applicable languages for describing new vegetation, and taxonomists needs to be capable of translate past texts in Latin. delivering an easy rationalization of Latin grammar besides an in-depth vocabulary, this can be an essential advisor for systematic botanists around the world. All correct elements of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored workouts for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. directions for forming particular epithets also are incorporated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the foreign Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and vegetation. the excellent vocabulary is improved with phrases from fresh glossaries for non-flowering crops - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this an incredible source for a person seeking to hone their knowing of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the earlier three hundred years
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2 Date:22/10/12 Time:21:39:21 Page Number: 22 22 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE The adjective and the participle ‘core’ or basic part of an adjective that remains unaltered even as the endings change for the diﬀerent cases. In botanical Latin, an adjective is always placed after the noun that it qualiﬁes, except occasionally for emphasis. In the tables below the abbreviations Masculine, Feminine and Neuter indicate masculine, feminine and neuter. In Group A (Stearn pp. 90–92) are those adjectives and participles with the nominative singular ending in -us (masculine), -a (feminine) or -um (neuter), or in -er (masculine), -ra (feminine) or -rum (neuter).
2 Date:22/10/12 Time:21:39:21 Page Number: 23 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE The adjective and the participle Example: integer (entire). Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter integer integrum integri integro integro integri integros integrorum integris integris integrae integras integrarum integris integris integra integra integrorum integris integris integra integram integrae integrae integra integrum integrum integri integro integro In Group B (Stearn pp.
Note that masculine and feminine are the same. Like bicolor is dispar (unlike, unequal). Singular Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Plural Masculine, Feminine Neuter Masculine, Feminine Neuter bicolor bicolorem bicoloris bicolori bicolori bicolor bicolor bicoloris bicolori bicolori bicolores bicolores bicolorium bicoloribus bicoloribus bicoloria bicoloria bicolorium bicoloribus bicoloribus Example: elegans (elegant), with the ‘s’ replaced by ‘t’ to form the stem. Note that the ablative singular usually ends in ‘i’ but may end in ‘e’ (and that masculine and feminine are the same).
A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short