By Stephen J. Williams
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Additional resources for A Welsh Grammar
G. i}th ofal 'to thy/your care'; â'ch arian 'with your money'. ) gen. g. i'w hafon hi 'to her river'; i'w hachub hi 'to save her'. e. , fe'i Aachubwyd ef 'he was saved/one saved him'; ei dad a'i Aanfonodd ef '(it was) his father who sent him'. § 74. Usages of the Affixed Pronouns (auxiliary): (i) After personal forms of verbs and prepositions. The first sing. present of most verbs and the first sing. g. yr wyf (f)i; gennyf (f)i; gwelaf (f)i. g. deui* ti; wrthy/ ti. In the other persons the forms shown in § 69 (c) are used: rhedodd ef/hi; wrtho fo/fe; gwelais i; gwelsom ni; ohonom ni; byddwch chwi; trosoch chwi; y maent hwy; ganddynt hwy.
PRONOUNS PERSONAL PRONOUNS § 6 6 . Personal pronouns in Welsh are distributed thus: I. Independent: (a) Simple. (b) Reduplicated. (c) Conjunctive. II. Dependent: (a) Prefixed (genitive). (b) Infixed (genitive and accusative). (c) Affixed (auxiliary). $ 6 7 . Forms of the Independent Personal Prönouns: (a) Simple Singular 1. mi, 2. ti, di 3. ) fì Plural ni chwi hwy, hwynt 46 PRONOUNS (b) Reduplicated Singular 1. myfi 2. tydi 3. ) (c) Conjunctive Singular 1. minnau 2. tithau 3. ) Plural ninnau chwithau hwythau, hwyntau The forms under (b) are accented on the final syllable.
Duwioldeb, uniondeb, cywirdeb. -der: poethder, blinder, ysgelerder, hyder, braster, dicter. -did: glendid, gwendid, aflendid, ieuenctid. -dra: glanweithdra, mawrdra, ffieidd-dra, cyfleustra. -dwr: cryfdwr, sychdwr. -edd: amynedd, cydbwysedd, gwirionedd, atgasedd. -had: mwynhad, eglurhad, glanhad, parhad, caniatâd, ymwacâd. -i: tlodi, llwydi, diogi, chwyddi, cwrteisi. -iad: rhodiad, cariad, gwelediad, cysylltiad. -iant: mwyniant, nodiant, tarddiant, ffyniant. NOUNS 25 -ineb: ffolineb, doethineb, taerineb, claerineb.
A Welsh Grammar by Stephen J. Williams