By Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss
Acid-Base and Electrolyte guide for Veterinary Technicians provides a simple to appreciate but accomplished method of acid-base and electrolyte balance.
- Covers the body structure of fluids and their influence on acid-base and electrolyte balance
- Offers targeted details on handling acid-base and electrolyte derangements in disease
- Includes entry to a spouse web site with case reviews and a number of selection questions
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Additional info for Acid-base and electrolyte handbook for veterinary technicians
In all cases the proper ratio of sodium to chloride (3:2) must be restored to correct this acid‐base abnormality. References DiBartola, S. (2012). Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid‐Base Disorders in Small Animal Practice, 4th ed. Oxford: Elsevier. Irani, D. (2008). Cerebrospinal Fluid in Clinical Practice. Oxford: Elsevier. Feldman, C. & Nelson, R. (2004). Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction, 3rd ed. St Louis, MO: Saunders. Mazzaferro, E. (2013). Small Animal Fluid Therapy, Acid‐Base and Electrolyte Disorders: A Color Handbook.
For both species, if the chloride gap is more than 4 mEq/L, the patient is in hypochloremic alkalosis. If the chloride gap is less than 4 mEq/L, the patient is in hyperchloremic acidosis. 3 Sodium chloride ratio. 3). The ratio is easily obtained with chemistry results. 80 in cats, the patient is in hyperchloremic acidosis. 74 for cats, the patient is in hypochloremic alkalosis. The sodium‐to‐chloride difference can also be calculated to evaluate if the chloride derangement is true. If the sodium is normal, the difference is approximately 36 mEq/L.
1 Corrected chloride. 2 Chloride gap. level of sodium is approximately 146 mEq/L in dogs, and 156 mEq/L in cats. The normal chloride value is 105–115 mEq/L in dogs and 115–125 mEq/L in cats (DiBartola 2012). Disorders of chloride can be divided into either artifactual or true derangements and must be evaluated in relation to changes of sodium and water balance. To obtain a more accurate picture, the chloride value must also be corrected. If the change is due to free water, the changes of sodium and chloride are proportional.
Acid-base and electrolyte handbook for veterinary technicians by Angela Randels-Thorp, David Liss