Download PDF by Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore: Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the

By Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore

ISBN-10: 0521444047

ISBN-13: 9780521444040

This is often the 1st translation of Fichte's addresses to the German kingdom for nearly a hundred years. The sequence of 14 speeches, introduced while Berlin used to be lower than French career after Prussia's disastrous defeat on the conflict of Jena in 1806, is greatly considered as a founding record of German nationalism, celebrated and reviled in equivalent degree. Fichte's account of the uniqueness of the German humans and his trust within the local superiority of its tradition helped to form German nationwide id during the 19th century and past. With an intensive advent that places Fichte's argument in its highbrow and ancient context, this variation brings a massive and seminal paintings to a latest readership. the entire traditional sequence positive aspects are supplied, together with notes for additional examining, chronology, and short biographies of key individuals.

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Extra resources for Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)

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As we gain insight into this last claim, its apparent conflict with other duties and with interests held sacred, which perhaps some at present fear, will at the same time disappear completely. Therefore, since I only speak of Germans in general, I shall declare that many things concern us that do not apply in the first place to those assembled here, just as I shall also declare as the concern of all Germans other things that in the first place apply only to us. In the spirit whose emanation these addresses are, I behold the concrescent unity in which no member thinks the fate of another foreign to his own, a unity that shall and must arise if we are not to perish altogether – I behold this unity as already existing, perfected and present.

As the means of securing a German identity, of safeguarding the distinctiveness of the nation, love of fatherland serves a higher human purpose. Fichte offers this sort of patriotism as an antidote to the various ‘selfish’ ideologies prevalent in modern international relations. The first is the post-Westphalian dogma of the balance of power in Europe, which posits a state system in which Germany acts as the fulcrum, but is required to remain impotent and divided so as not to upset the 20 See below, p.

31 Inevitably, the National Socialists, too, saw in Fichte a figure who could be utilised in their incessant attempts to lend a semblance of legitimacy to the Party’s ideology and to justify their own pathological sense of mission. Fichte, along with Nietzsche, was elevated to the higher ranks of the Nazi pantheon of philosophers – most spectacularly in Heidegger’s notorious rectorial address in 1933, which, in its picture of a looming spiritual catastrophe, triggered this time by the overweening nihilism of the USA and the Soviet Union and redeemable only by Germany’s spiritual leadership, was implicitly modelled on the Addresses.

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Addresses to the German Nation (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought) by Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gregory Moore


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