By Theodore Rosengarten
Nate Shaw's father was once born below slavery. Nate Shaw was once born right into a bondage that used to be just a little gentler. on the age of 9, he was once selecting cotton for thirty-five cents an hour. on the age of forty-seven, he confronted down a crowd of white deputies who had come to confiscate a neighbor's crop. His defiance price him twelve years in felony. This victorious autobiography, assembled from the eighty-four-year-old Shaw's oral memories, is the plain-spoken tale of an "over-average" guy who witnessed wrenching adjustments within the lives of Southern black humans -- and whose unassuming braveness helped deliver these alterations about.
All God's risks received the nationwide ebook Award in 1975
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Extra resources for All God's Dangers
Georgia adopted a poll tax in 1871 and made it cumulative in 1877. In 1882, South Carolina enacted a draconian registration law and an infamous “eight-box” law, which operated as a literacy test by requiring voters to deposit ballots in the correct boxes. Many states adopted secret-ballot laws and complex registration requirements in 1889 and 1890, and Mississippi held a disfranchising convention in 1890. South Carolina followed suit in 1895, but most disfranchising conventions and amendments came later: 1898 in Louisiana, 1900 in North Carolina, 1901 in Alabama, and 1901–1902 in Virginia.
Second, one might challenge voter qualiﬁcations based on the discriminatory motive that animated them, which the law today would consider dispositive. Third, the procedure for administering literacy tests might be unconstitutional. Determining the “good character” of prospective voters and the adequacy of their “understanding” conferred vast discretion on registrars. That discretion invited discrimination and, it could be argued, therefore violated the Constitution. Fourth, one might challenge actual (as opposed to merely potential) discrimination in the administration of voter qualiﬁcations.
Moreover, in the mid-1890s, Republicans proved competitive for the ﬁrst time in border states such as Kentucky and Maryland. The party now seemed able to maintain national control without southern electoral support, thus removing an important incentive to defend black suffrage in the South. 21 For these reasons, Republican racial policy changed. In 1896, the Nation observed a “striking” shift from four years earlier, in “the entire absence of any allusion” to black political rights in Republican state conventions.
All God's Dangers by Theodore Rosengarten