By Diane Larsen-Freeman
Realizing how humans examine and fail to benefit moment and overseas languages is more and more acknowledged as a serious social and psycholinguistic factor. moment languages are extremely important to various teams of individuals, starting from refugees to school scholars dealing with overseas language necessities. This booklet offers a synthesis of empirical findings on moment and international language studying through teenagers and adults, emphasising the layout and execution of applicable research.
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Extra info for An introduction to second language acquisition research
Compare this with the 24 articles she counted for the two years 1979-80 in a topical area which was renamed second language acquisition - a four-fold growth! Given the vitality of the field today, it seems prudent to pause here to take stock of twenty years2 of SLA research and to see where we have been and where we are going. 4 The scope of second language acquisition research Focusing research efforts on the learner and learning process has not meant ignoring the effect of instruction on SLA.
Limiting the scope of the research ignores the fact that SLA is a multi-dimensional phenomenon. It is reasonable to question whether findings that result from a focused study will hold when the full context of SLA is restored. Because of the complexity of SLA, it is unlikely that a single isolated factor will be powerful enough to show a relationship to learner success among all learners and in all situations. The use of an instrument helps to standardize researchers observations, allowing one to compute the inter-rater reliability of the observations, the degree to which the researchers agree on what they have observed.
Carroll (1963) discusses some of the studies on the relationship between interests, attitudes, motivation, prior language training, age and sex of the learners on the one hand, and their second language achievement on the other. 46 2. Most researchers date the beginning of the SLA field with Corder's article 'The significance of learners' errors', published in 1967, or Selinker's 'Interlanguage', published in 1972. More will be said about these later. 3. Saying that we have not ignored classroom instruction because there exists a group of researchers interested in classroom-centred research (CCR) is a bit misleading.
An introduction to second language acquisition research by Diane Larsen-Freeman